The origin of the modern meritocratic civil service can be traced back to Imperial examination founded in Imperial China.
The term civil service can refer to either a branch of governmental service in which individuals are employed (hired) on the basis of professional merit as proven by competitive examinations; or the body of employees in any government agency apart from the military, which is a separate extension of any national government.
An employment in the civil services is much more than an average white- collar job. In fact, the Civil Services offer a unique career opportunity combined with constructive challenges and high growth prospects.
By getting into the civil services, you will not only be associated with the decision-makers and implementer of policies & programmes but you will also be a crucial contributor as policy maker to the development of the nation as a whole.
The decision to join the civil services is not that of going for yet another lucrative job for livelihood. In fact, it is an opportunity to serve the country. Moreover, the varied nature of assignments attached with the services gives an opportunity for the maximum utilization of one's potential.
The civil service system is the backbone of the administrative machinery of the country. The executive decisions are implemented by the Indian civil servants.
It was Sardar Patel's vision that the Civil Service should strengthen cohesion and national unity. The values of integrity, impartiality and merit remain the guiding principles of Indian civil services.
The highest ranking civil servant is the Cabinet Secretary. He is ex-officio Chairman of the Civil Services Board; the chief of the Indian Administrative Service and head of all civil services under the rules of business of the Government of India.
The Civil Service Day is celebrated on 21 April every year.